Iran is one of the best countries for different tourists with different tastes. The climate of this country varies widely in different regions and its historical background caused that being a good option for tourism. Iran is one of the ten most popular countries in the world in terms of tourist attractions. Economic and security infrastructures have made Iran one of the best choices among ancient civilizations in the Middle East. Travelers need different information in order to travel easily in Iran without any worries. This article provides a brief guide to travel in Iran.
General information about Iran
As a guide to travel in Iran, it is best to first provide general information about Iran itself. Iran is located in the western part of Asia and a region is known as the Middle East. It has a land area of over one million square kilometers and it is among the twenty largest countries in the world. Iran’s population is slightly over eighty-one million.
Iran has two seas in the south, called the Oman Sea and the Persian Gulf. The Caspian Sea is located in the northern part of the country. Two important mountain ranges are located in the northern and western parts of Iran and cause a great variety of climate in this country. In the northern part, the belt is enclosed between the Caspian Sea and the Alborz Range, creating a humid and temperate climate for those areas. The western mountainous part of Iran has a cold climate. The central and eastern parts of the country are desert and warm and dry. Lut Desert is located in the middle of Iran.
Iran has a great ethnic diversity. Almost in every region of that, ethnicity lives with different cultures, customs, and languages. Baluch, Kurdish, Turk, Arab, and Bakhtiari are among the ethnic groups living in Iran. One of the attractions of Iran is seeing the local and traditional life of different ethnic groups.
The official language of Iran is Persian and this language is used in formal communication and education. In northern, Iran has a common frontier with countries such as Turkmenistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Turkey. Iran’s eastern neighbors are Afghanistan and Pakistan. It is also good to know as a guide to travel in Iran that Iran has a common frontier with Iraq.
Introduction to some cities in Iran
A guide to travel in Iran should include an overview of the country’s tourist sites. Iran has one of the oldest civilizations in the world. You can go to Shiraz in order to see the remaining historical monuments of this civilization. Shiraz had been the capital of the Achaemenid Empire for a few thousand years ago and has many monuments dating back to that time.
One of the most beautiful monuments you should not forget to visit is Persepolis, which is one of the largest ancient palaces in the world. If you are interested in Iranian language and culture, seeing the tombs of great poets such as Saadi and Hafez in this city can be attractive to you.
Another city that we are going to introduce in our guide in Iran is Isfahan. Esfahan is famous for its many tourist sites, it is the cultural capital of Iran. It is the third-largest city in Iran. To see Islamic-Iranian architecture and enjoy the play of colors and light, it is highly recommended to visit Isfahan. In the middle of the city of Esfahan passes the great river Zayandehrood, which was the source of the city’s development in the past. On this river, there are famous old bridges like Si-o-se-pol. Isfahan’s old mosques and buildings are also beautiful.
All cities in Iran have their attractions and it’s interesting to see each of them. If you are interested in monuments, the cities of Isfahan, Shiraz, and Yazd will be right for you. If you want to enjoy the desert and its starry sky, as a guide to travel in Iran, we suggest central cities. If you are planning a pilgrimage, the cities of Mashhad and Qom are appropriate. Finally, to enjoy the seaside, you must go to the north of the country or the southern cities.