The history of Tehran isn’t very long as it started as just a little town. But the first king of the Qajar Dynasty selected this name for this small town and Tehran’s growth started and has led to the making of the Tehran of today. A crowded city with over 9 million residents within the city limits and another 6 million in the suburbs. It is home of beautiful gardens and parks, shopping complexes, a classic bazaar, many cultural and historical museums, art galleries, and plays an important role in Iran’s commercial and political affairs.
To summarize Tehran’s perks:
- Tehran is the city of museums. It is the home to the top history museums of Iran such as The national Jewellery treasury, Golestan Palace, National Museum of Iran and etc.
- Close proximity to Alborz mountain range, the highest mountain of Iran and The Middle East i.e. Damavand, has made Tehran and the regions around it the best and most popular place for ski and winter sport lovers. Shemshak, Dizin and Tochal (ski resorts) are full in all days of winter and some ski professionals believe the snow kind in north of Tehran is one of the best kind in the world.
- Its geographical location being located between a desert and mountains has caused it to have a dry and cool climate, especially in the evenings, and it is like this all throughout of the year.
Top Tehran Attractions:
Sadabaad: With its ever refreshing climate, astonishing gardens with its unique Flora and also museums, is without doubt one of the most beautiful palaces of Tehran. It had been a royal summer residence for Qajarian and Pahlavi kings. It has 18 buildings in which you can see a wide range of royal objects such as dishware, automobiles, miniature paintings and also has interesting collection of Omidvar’s brother’s travel around the world such as photos, documentary films and etc.
The White Place, The Green Palace, The Royal Automobile and The Royal Dishware Museums, Fine arts museums and Military museum are the most important palaces and museums of this complex.
The Iran National Museum: isn’t as big as other famous museums of the world such as The World Museum or The Louvre, but it is worthy to visit especially for those who are eager to know more about the ancient history of an old civilization since it houses a large collection of authentic pieces from as old as 5000 years ago. All things that are in this two story museum have been found during the excavations of places such as Persepolis, Burnt City, Susa and etc.
Niavaran Palace: is another palace of Tehran that had been the summer residence of the Qajar and Pahlavi Dynasty. An 11-hectare palace in the north of Iran and in one of the best regions of Tehran with very pleasant weather. There are some buildings in this complex, “Niavaran Main Building” and “Sahebgharaneeyeh ” are the oldest structures and” Ahmad Shahi kooshk ” is the newest one. Apart from all attractions, these palaces can entertain those who love elegant, stylish and chic objects such as dresses, carpets, furniture, paintings and artworks.
Glass and ceramic museum (Abgineh): In addition to its interesting and beautiful items such as old glass works, porcelain and crystals, Qavam-o-saltaneh house is an attraction for itself . A two story building with very amazing old architecture and a beautiful garden. The building is octagonal and 50 different kinds of brick works went into its walls. It has five halls, each of which has been categorized for a specific object. Some of the objects belong to first and second millennium BC.
Carpet Museum: Persian carpet is world renowned and highly coveted. It is interesting to know that it varies based on the region of Iran. Meaning Kerman carpet will be different from Tabriz, and Qom carpet is different from Kashan. So if you want to become familiar with all of them, must either travel to all of the cities of Iran, or come and see the collection which has been gathered in this museum. You can see as many as 150 types of carpet and kilims (a special type of carpet woven from wool) from the 17th century till now. You can also visit temporary exhibitions upstairs.
Jewelry Museum: An unmatched treasure is the Iran National Jewelry Collection that has been gathered during its history. A collection that nobody, not even the most professional assessors in the world can assign a value to. The jewels and accessories have been categorized to 36 diverse groups that mainly includes decorating ornaments, Crowns, Diadems, Paisley, vase and etc; but the Daryey Noor Diamond, the Crown of Pahlavi and Kiani, Nadir Aigrette, the Globe of Jewels and the Peacock Throne are the most famous ones with worldwide reputation.
Golestan Palace: This palace is the most famous of the palaces of Iran from two points of view: It is the symbol of Iranian art and also it is a unique complex and living document of the most important part of Iranian history due to being the witness of the events that has happened there. Golestan palace was inscribed in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 2013. Like other palaces, there are around 17 structures in this complex that have been set around a beautiful garden but 8 of them are a must to visit.
Tehran Bazaar: It is not just a place for shopping and doing business, instead Tehran bazaar is a historical complex that in addition to several shops has a Bank, Two Mosques and a guest house and is considered as an important historical complex of the city. It seems Labafha, Karaji doozha, Serajha and Naalchiha bazaars are the oldest parts of bazaar. Although building some new shopping centers have changed the inner architecture of the Bazaar, it is still interesting and worth to spending some time in a roofed traditional underground market of the world and have an experience of traditional Iranian culture.