Tabriz is an important city that is located in northwest of Iran and is considered as the center of the Azeri community. It has a long history (3000 years) in being the capital of Iran, the first time it was selected as capital was during Safavid Era. It is the fifth largest city and fourth largest populous of Iran. It is the sister city of Baku in Azerbaijan , Gaza City in Gaza, Ho Chi Minh City in Vietnam, Istanbul in Turkey, Kazan in Russia, Konya in Turkey, Vienna in Austria and Wuhan in China. Tabriz is famous as the city of firsts between Iranians and also very famous for its carpets. Tabriz is the best choice for those who want to enter Iran by ground or train because it is located 310 km southeast of Bazargan Border and is 159 km south of the Jolfa border. This city is also the connection point of Europe and Iran by rail road, and it is located in the historical Silk Road
While major cities of Iran such as Shiraz, Yazd and Isfahan are very warm during summer, Tabriz is a good destination for this time of year that surely could satisfy any tastes due to large number of historical, natural and cultural attractions.
Top Isfahan Attractions
Tabriz Grand Bazaar: This bazaar is the oldest one in the Middle East, one of the largest covered bazaars of the world and also, one of the most important commercial centers on the Silk Road that is registered as UNESCO world heritage site in July 2010. The structure of all traditional bazaars is that they have a mosque behind the their main part and it is a prove that bazaars of Iran hasn’t been only a commercial center but also for cultural and even political affairs So, has had special importance from the past .
Blue mosque (Kaboud Mosque): Jahan Shah is the person who ordered to build this mosque .It took around 25 years that the artists covered the surface of the mosque with blue tile mosaics and bricks and now is one of the notable attractions of Tabriz that really worth to visit. His mausoleum is in the southern part of the mosque .
Azerbaijan museum: Exactly next to the blue mosque, there is another major attraction in Tabriz. It is historical and archaeological museum that consists of three galleries, library and a side yard. Around 2600 handwritten and printed books in addition to 4600 artworks, artistic works and sculptures are kept here. After Iran national museum, it has the largest collections of fine objects that belong to different periods of Iran’s history.
Qajari Museum: Amir Nezam house is another name of this museum. It is located in the oldest part of Tabriz city and covers an area of around 3000 square meters. It has two stories and two Courtyards. Small gardens and a pool colored in beautiful Persian blue, has decorated its courtyards attractively. Pillars of the balcony and mirror works of the halls has enhanced the beauties of this structure. Many antiques, weapons, stones, Architecture, coin, mosaic, porcelain, glassware, music and metal are kept in 11 separate halls in two stories of the museum.
El Goli: El Goli or Shah Goli is a big pool with a hill in south and an astonishing structure in the middle and several old trees around it . .Shah Goli means the pool of the king . It had been the main water storage for irrigating the garden of Tabriz till Safavid era. The palace in the middle of the pool was firstly a one floor adobe building but Municipality rebuilt it to its current octagonal shape in two stories.